Finally, chapters 31-32 are key in that they speak of restoration, the New Covenant when the Lord will “Put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; …” (31:33). What is known of Ezekiel is derived entirely from the book of Ezekiel itself. Bible Prophets From New Testament Times. Judah’s last hour in view of backsliding and unfaithfulness. As a mouthpiece or spokesman for God, the prophet’s primary duty was to speak forth God’s message to God’s people in the historical context of what was happening among God’s people. Surely our griefs He Himself bore, And our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted. Then chapter 23 is key in that it gives the prophecy of the Messiah, the righteous branch who is seen in contrast to the wicked shepherds and lying prophets described in this same chapter. Several of the most famous prophets of the Bible revealed important aspects of the future to their intended audiences. The Resentful Prophets. 9:6-7. For this reason, a common formula used by the prophets was, “Thus says the Lord.”. 18:20-22). They are then oppressed, enslaved and eventually led to Israel via a miracle at the Red Sea. rather than the sixth century B.C. 2:5-6. His last dated oracle was received in about 571. As evident by Daniel’s own claim (12:4) and by his use of the autobiographical first person from chapter 7:2 onward, Daniel is the author of this prophetic book. ), and Hezekiah (715-686 B.C.). He outdated Hezekiah by a few years because chapter 37, verse 38, records the death of Sennacherib in 681 B.C. The last twenty-seven chapters of Isaiah neatly parallel the twenty-seven chapters of the New Testament because they speak a great deal about Messiah and His Kingdom as the Servant of the Lord. That is the sort of question that sends scholars running because there are too many good arguments for too many different prophets. The True Church can never fail. 62 NIV Study Bible, General Editor, Kenneth Barker, Zondervan, 1985, p. 1115. Judah’s Reaction to Jeremiah’s Ministry (26:1-24), 2. Every named character has been remembered through the millennia for a reason. Ryrie adds the following word that brings out another important element of his ministry: Ezekiel’s ministry was to keep before the exiles the sins that had brought God’s judgment on them and to assure them of God’s future blessing in keeping with His covenant. Consequently, the Temple suffered deprivation (1 Chronicles) and destruction (2 Chronicles). In view of the theme and nature of the book, the key word is mourning or lamentations. Do„decaprophe„ton, “the Twelve-Prophet Book”).50 Daniel, usually viewed as one of the Major Prophets in the English Bible, actually appears in the third division of the Hebrew Canon called “the Writings.”. 35 “And they will say, ‘This desolate land has become like the garden of Eden; and the waste, desolate, and ruined cities are fortified and inhabited.’. He warned the people against political and military alliances with foreign powers, the temptation to become involved in idolatry and Canaanite cultic worship, and the danger of placing excessive confidence in religious formalism and sacrificial ritual. 34 “And the desolate land will be cultivated instead of being a desolation in the sight of everyone who passed by. However, Christ is also portrayed as the great stone who will crush the kingdoms of this world (2:34, 45), the son of man (7:13), and the Ancient of days (7:22). Ezekiel expects the nation’s religious restoration and Daniel predicts its political restoration. b. Woe to Assyria, the Spoiler of Jerusalem (33:1-24), E. Prophecies Against Sennacherib (36:1-39:8), II. The appearance of Persian technical terms indicates a final recension of these memoirs at a time when Persian terminology had already infiltrated into the vocabulary of Aramaic. But the day is coming when Jehovah will restore a repentant remnant of His chastened people and establish them in a glorious latter-day theocracy with a new temple.67. Though he did not occupy the office of a prophet, Christ identified him as a prophet (Matt. Also, the Qumran documents (Dead Sea Scrolls), dated only a few decades before the alleged second-century writing of Daniel, show grammatical differences that indicate they were written centuries, not decades, after Daniel. Given that the Bible is stuffed full of prophets, they are, obviously, not all included on this list. Two themes are prominent: warnings of God’s judgment against sin are prominent throughout the book, but with that there was also the message of hope and restoration if the nation would genuinely repent. Moses is arguably the best known character from the Old Testament. “Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you. Beliefnet is a lifestyle website providing feature editorial content around the topics of inspiration, spirituality, health, wellness, love and family, news and entertainment. Joseph’s actions in Genesis save Egypt and later his family from famine. 3:24; 8:1) and, along with his fellow exiles, had a relatively free existence. Hence, the Babylonian captivity and the return under a Persian king (specifically named Cyrus) are not viewed as being predicted 150 years in advance, but as happenings recorded after the events. Though these books deal with the history of Israel, they were composed from a prophetic viewpoint and possibly even the authors themselves may have been prophets by profession. The BibleHunt.org Bible Search is a handy reference to help you if you need it. Archer points out: Despite the numerous objections which have been advanced by scholars who regard this as a prophecy written after the event, there is no good reason for denying the sixth-century Daniel the composition of the entire work. Archer summarize the theme: The theme of Ezekiel’s prophecy is that the fall of Jerusalem and the Babylonian captivity are necessary measures for the God of grace to employ if He is to correct His disobedient people and draw them back from complete and permanent apostasy. “Though the Lord’s mercies we are not consumed, because His compassions fail not. It was their duty to admonish, reprove, denounce sin, threaten with the terrors of judgment, call to repentance, and bring consolation and pardon. Had Joseph not been in Egypt and not saved its people from famine, the sons of Israel would have starved in Canaan. All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the LORD has caused the iniquity of us all To fall on Him. Judgments of the Tribulation (24:1-23), 2. Ezekiel’s focus is on condemnation (1-32) for Israel’s sin and consolation (33-48) in view of what God will do in the future. Judah’s Prophet Recommissioned (15:10-16:9), 8. He was also indispensable to people in his own time. The broadest meaning is that of forthtelling; the narrower meaning is that of foretelling. As a result, the descendants of Jacob proliferate and remain in Egypt. Luke 3:23-38 traces Christ’s lineage backward from Mary (His physical parent) through David’s other son Nathan (Luke 3:31), thereby avoiding the curse. John wrote the book of Revelation. His message focuses on the coming of the Messiah and dangers to the soul, not physical manifestations of God’s wrath such as invading armies. But Obadiah, Jonah, Nahum, Habakkuk and Zephaniah warn of God’s retribution on the nations. Despite her reputation, there's more to her story. (in the Old Testament) a. a person chosen to speak for God and to guide the people of Israel: Moses was the greatest of Old Testament prophets. The Personal History of Daniel (1:1-21), II. Summarizing the theme and content, Archer writes: Appropriately enough, the basic theme of Isaiah’s message is that salvation is bestowed only by grace, by the power of God, the Redeemer, rather than by the strength of man or the good works of the flesh. The unity of the book of Isaiah has been challenged by liberal critics who hold that a “Deutero-Isaiah” wrote chapters 40-66 after the Babylonian captivity. Daniel was a man of incredible character and his book is considered one of the most important prophetic books of the Old Testament. The “Twelve Minor Prophets” is the eighth and last “book” in the second section of the Hebrew Bible, the Nevi’im, or Prophets.It is, as its name implies, not a unified whole but a collection of 12 independent books, by (at least) 12 different prophets. This prophecy is all about the coming judgment and future millennia… Bar-Jesus) (Acts 13:6 … As warned by the Lord in chapter six, his cause was doomed to failure, for both government and people chose to put their trust in the political alliances of man rather than in the sure person and promises of God. His story certainly gets more attention than most. These suggestions attempt to eliminate the supernatural element necessary for predictive prophecy. These and many other Catholic Bible translations follow the example of the Vulgate. “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. “And they heal the brokenness of the daughter of My people superficially, Saying, ‘Peace, peace,’ But there is no peace. His choices in Genesis, however, drive the rest of the biblical story. Without Moses, none of this would have occurred. Internal Evidence: That the author is an eyewitness of Jerusalem’s siege and fall is clear from the graphic nature of the scenes portrayed in the book (cf. While the prophets functioned in various ways as they communicated God’s message, they occupied one major role in Israel’s religious system. I. Prophecies of Denunciation and Judgment (1:1-39:8), 2. Even though John the Baptist brought a message of repentance or judgment in the New Testament, he is also considered the last Old Testament prophet since he prophesied before (and during) the ministry of Jesus Christ. Another prophecy in Jeremiah has significant Messianic implications. The message that the prophet … 1-39 of Isaiah (see 7:16; 8:4,7; 37:33-35; 38:8 for prophecies soon fulfilled and 9:1-2; 13:17-20 for prophecies of the more distant future). Judah’s Breaking of God’s Covenant (11:1-13:27), 6. 23:37-38). They are new every morning; Great is Your faithfulness. Surely chapter 3 stands as a pinnacle in the midst of the other chapters of ruin and destruction for here the author expresses his faith and hope in God’s mercy who will not reject His people forever. The Faith Behind the Famous: Isaac Newton. The Lord’s Anger Against His People (2:1-22), IV. The Prophetic Plan for Israel (8:1-12:13), A. Daniel’s Vision of the Ram, the Goat, and the Small Horn (8:1-27), B. 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