According to the IBGE, there were 6,400,000 people residing in the state in 2008. Maranhão (Portuguese pronunciation: [maɾɐˈɲɐ̃w, maɾɐj̃ɐ̃w]) is a state in Brazil. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, Tocantins-Araguaia-Maranhão moist forests. First name Iraneuton Sousa Last name Morais Junior Nationality Brazil Date of birth 22 July 1986 Age 34 Country of birth Brazil Place of birth São Luís Position Joaquim Sousândrade, 1890-1891; Alexandre Collares Jr , 1891-1892, 1897-1901, 1906-1909 [citation needed] The flag has a ratio of 2:3. Maranhão is a hidden Brazilian gem, from the crumbling buildings of its capital, São Luís - a World Heritage Site, to the mesmerizing and unique landscapes of the Lençóis Maranhenses. The people of Maranhão have a distinctive accent inside the common Northeastern Brazilian dialect. The state was created on 13 June 1621 by Philip II of Portugal. Maranhão is one of the states of Brazil. Between January and November 2017, 153.466 million tons were transported, and it is the national champion in moving loads. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, Marechal Cunha Machado International Airport, "IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Genetic characterization of the population of São Luís, MA, Brazil", "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", «Análise dos Resultados/IBGE Censo Demográfico 2010: Características gerais da população, religião e pessoas com deficiência», "Maranhão conquista o maior índice vacinal contra febre aftosa do...", "Portos e Navios - Itaqui movimenta 16,3 milhões de toneladas de janeiro a outubro",, Relação Sumária das Cousas do Maranhão, by Simão Estácio da Silveira, History of the Commerce of Maranhão (1612 - 1895), by Jerônimo de Viveiros, Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, 1909, Tomo LXXII - Parte I, Chronicle of the Jesuits in Maranhão, by João Felipe Bettendorf, Historical geographical dictionary of Maranhão, by César Marques,ão&oldid=993813546, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from Portuguese Wikipedia, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This is the transfer history of Vereinslos player Maranhão. Explore Timon's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Roots | São Luís, Maranhão – A History of Reggae. This statistic shows which shirt numbers the palyer has already worn in his career. [7], According to a DNA study from 2005, the average ancestral composition of São Luís, the biggest city in Maranhão, is 42% European, 39% native American and 19% African. The northern portion of the state is a heavily forested plain traversed by numerous rivers, occupied by the eastern extension of the tropical moist forests of Amazonia. Adapted & Revised by: Fabiana Rasta. It was 60 years later, in 1594, that the French established the first settlement in what is today known as Maranhão. Other rivers in the state include the Turiassu (or Turiaçu) which runs just east of the Gurupi, emptying into the Baía de Turiassu; the Mearim, Pindaré, and Grajaú, which empty into the Baía de São Marcos; and the Itapecuru and Munim which discharge into the Baía de São José. The passenger terminal was modified and expanded in 1998, giving it new arrival and departure areas, an expanded main concourse, and air conditioning of the entire terminal. Maranhão is one of the poorest states of Brazil. Get Baixinha dos Flores's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Nel 1621 Ceará, Maranhão e Pará furono uniti nell'Estado do Maranhão che, autonomo dal punto di vista amministrativo, divenne parte integrante del Brasile coloniale solo nel 1774. Agribusiness, the aluminium and alumina transformation industries, the pulp industry, natural gas production, and the food and timber industries complement the state economy. Processos Minerários no Cráton São Luís, Maranhã e Pará, Brasil (em outubro de 2020).png 3,155 × 1,845; 471 KB. Very successful Indian missions were soon begun by the Jesuits, who were temporarily expelled as a result of a civil war in 1684 for their opposition to the enslavement of the Indians. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. [17], The port of Ponta da Madeira, belonging to the Vale do Rio Doce is mainly destined for the export of iron ore brought from the Serra dos Carajás, in Pará. The state was created on 31 July 1751 by order of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, the Secretary of the State for Joseph I of Portugal.. The State of Maranhão was extinguished in 1652 and in 1654 reconstituted as Maranhão and Grão-Pará. Share of the Brazilian economy: 0.9% (2004).[13]. It has a covered area of 8,100 square metres (87,000 sq ft) and a capacity of one million passengers per year. Ceará was later detached and became a satellite of Pernambuco, in the State of Brazil. Logo antigo TV Difusora.jpg 1,440 × 900; 56 KB. Maranhão did not join in the Brazilian declaration of independence of 1822, but in the following year the Portuguese were driven out by British sailor and liberator Admiral Lord Cochrane and it became part of the Empire of Brazil. In 1621 the Governorate General of Brazil was separated into two states; the State of Brazil and the State of Maranhão. Maranhão is relatively flat: more than 90 percent of its total area (about 131,000 square miles) is less than 990 feet above sea level. Renato Moreira Airport is a national airport located in Imperatriz. The purpose of creating this state was to improve military defense in the Northern Region and stimulate economic activities and regional trade with the mainland[citation needed]. With the creation of the state Portuguese America had two administrative units: the State of Maranhão with its capital in São Luís, and the State of Brazil whose capital was São Salvador. To the north is the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. History. It shows the transfer history, the clubs Maranhão played for in his career, time of transfers and the transfer fees. This is the shirt number history of Maranhão from Vereinslos. This article is about the state in Brazil. Going clockwise from the north, it borders on the Atlantic Ocean … Much of the forest has been cleared for cattle grazing and agriculture, and the Babaçu palm produces edible oil which is extracted commercially. The island is really a long, narrow peninsula between the drowned mouths of the Mearim and Itapicuru rivers (São Marcos Bay to the west and São José Bay to the Profilo di Maranhão (30) Operário Ferroviário Esporte Clube (PR) scheda, valore di mercato, statistiche, mercato, carriera e tanto altro [6], The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 4,271,000 Brown (Multiracial) people (66.74%), 1,636,000 White people (25.57%), 410,000 Black people (6.41%), 43,000 Asian people (0.67%), 39,000 Amerindian people (0.60%). History of Maranhão‎ ... Media in category "Maranhão" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. Posted on October 31, 2016 November 7, 2016 by Irie. São Luís, city, capital of Maranhão estado (state), northeastern Brazil. View Tiago J. Maranhão’s profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. Nome Marcos André Cognome de Sousa Mendonça Nazionalità Brasile Data di nascita 20 ottobre 1996 Età 24 Paese di nascita Brasile Luogo di nascita Coroatá Maranhão is the fourth-largest economy in the Northeast region and the 17th-largest in Brazil. Nome Francinilson Cognome Santos Meireles Nazionalità Brasile Data di nascita 3 maggio 1990 Età 30 Paese di nascita Brasile Luogo di nascita São Luís Posizione The state was created on 13 June 1621 by Philip II of Portugal.[1]. Current local time in Brazil – Maranhão – Baixinha dos Flores. The coast of Maranhão was first discovered by Pinzon in 1500, but it was included in the Portuguese grant of captaincies in 1534. Located in the country's Northeast Region, it has a population of about 7 million and an area of 332,000 km2 (128,000 sq mi). Maranhão: história, comércio Publisher Associação Comercial do Maranhão - São Luís Collection memoriaestatisticadobrasil; brasiliana Digitizing sponsor Memória Estatística do Brasil Contributor Biblioteca do Ministério da Fazenda no Rio de Janeiro Language Portuguese Volume Vol I; 1612 - 1895 In 1612, a French colony was also established on São Luís Island. Infraero has administered the airport since November 3, 1980, one year before it was officially opened. The Parnaíba River forms the eastern boundary of Maranhão, but it has one large tributary, the Balsas, entirely within the state. The white star in the upper left corner symbolizes Maranhão itself, and is supposed to be Beta Scorpii, as the constellation Scorpius is also depicted on the national flag of Brazil. Originally, the town was a large village of the Tupinambá tribe. In the late 18th century, there was a great influx of enslaved peoples into the region, which corresponded to the increased cultivation of cotton. Maranhão is the 6th largest producer in the country. [14], Maranhão has the second largest cattle herd in the Northeast and the 12th largest in the country, with 7.6 million animals. It was founded on January 18, 2018. The Tocantins-Araguaia-Maranhão moist forests occupy the northwestern portion of the state, extending from the Pindaré River west into neighboring Pará state. The telephone area codes (named DDD in Brazil) for Maranhão are 98 and 99.[19]. 6, of December 21, 1889. This article incorporates text from the Catholic Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain. The French were expelled by the Portuguese in 1615, and the Dutch held the island from 1641 to 1644. Maranhão was settled mainly by Jesuit missionaries, who introduced Roman Catholicism to the Tupinambás, along with the pattern of agriculture and cattle … Maranhão shares borders with Piauí, Tocantins and Pará. Agriculture represents 10.4% of GDP (2015). Tiago J. has 8 jobs listed on their profile. The colored strips (red, white and black) symbolize the different ethnic groups which make up the population, and their mixing and living together. Formação do campesinato numa sociedade escravista, Maranhão 1800-1850’. The north-central and northeastern portion of the state, extending eastward into northern Piauí, is home to the Maranhão Babaçu forests, a degraded tropical moist forest ecoregion dominated by the Babaçu palm. [15], The state also produces natural gas in the Parnaíba basin, with a production of 8.4 million m3 per day, used in thermal power stations. The Alumar Consortium Port transported 13.720 million tons between January and November 2017, mainly alumina.[18]. Marquess of Maranhão (also Earl of Dundonald in Scotland). Timeline of Brazilian history Brazil portal: The following is a list of mayors of the city of São Luís, in Maranhão state, Brazil. Inaugural Lecture, Post-graduate Programme in History, State University of Maranhão – … Guide to State of Maranhao family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records. According to the historian Sven Beckert, the region's cotton exports "doubled between 1770 and 1780, nearly doubled again by 1790, and nearly tripled once more by 1800."[4]. The Reggae Maranhão Museum is the first reggae-themed museum outside of Jamaica and the second in the world, in the Historic Center of São Luís in Brazil.. History. History. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. The dunes of Lençóis are an important area of environmental preservation. This was a short-lived victory as the Portuguese ousted the French in 1615 and … The following captaincies formed the State of Maranhão. 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